Dom Luís Filipe Maria Carlos Amélio Francisco Víctor Manuel António Lourenço Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis Bento de Bragança Orleães Sabóia e Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha, Prince Royal of Portugal was the eldest son of King Carlos I of Portugal. Born on the 21th March 1887 while his father was still Prince Royal of Portugal, he received the usual style of the heirs to the heir of the Portuguese crown: he was then at birth 4th Prince of Beira, with the subsidiary title of 14th Duke of Barcelos, private to the heir of the Dukedom of Braganza; and after his grandfather king Dom Luís I died, he became Prince Royal of Portugal, with the subsidiary titles of 21st Duke of Braganza, 20th Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 28th count of Barcelos, 25th count of Ourém, 23rd count of Arraiolos, 22nd count of Neiva; he was later created Knight Commander of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, Knight of the Order of the Garter, and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
1888. Portuguese Royal Family. Seated: Queen Maria Pia holding her grandson Prince Luis Filipe; Princess Amelia, King Dom Luis I of Portugal. Standing: 3rd Prince Carlos and 6th his younger brother Prince Afonso, Duke of Porto.
On February 1908 Dom Luís Filipe and his family were returning to Lisbon from Vila Viçosa Palace, in Alentejo, private head to the House of Braganza when members of a revolutionary society shot at all the royal family, hitting Luís Filipe on his chest and his father king Dom Carlos on the face. Trying to defend his family Luís Filipe was able to abate one of the assassins. Carlos I died immediately and Luís died twenty minutes later. He was 20 years old.Dom Luís is buried next to his father and forefathers in the Dynasty of Braganza Royal Pantheon, at the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora, in Lisbon.